Terminology

Assessment: The collection of information about student learning for the purpose of making judgements about the progress/development of the learner and about learning activities.

Evaluation: Comparing assessment information across time or against some standard to make a judgement or a decision.

Grade: A step or stage in a course or process; a letter, number, or other symbol indicating the relative quality of a student’s work in a course, examination, or special assignment; mark.

Grading: Determines quality.

Formative Assessment: Results are used for feedback (feedforward?) during the learning process rather than just at the end. Students and teachers both need to know how learning is proceeding. Feedback may operate both to improve the learning of individual students and to improve teaching.

Summative Assessment: Results are used to grade students at the end of a unit, or to accredit at the end of a program.

Normative Assessment: Grades that tell us which students performed better than other students. (rank order)

Criterion Referenced Assessment: Indicates what a student learned and how well. The student’s grade depends on the achievement of the objectives and is independent of any other student’s grade. Comparison

Rubrics: Define levels and dimensions of student performance for each assessment.  Enable students to target their efforts toward achieving specific levels of performance. Sample 1 | Sample 2